Posted Friday, August 12, 2022
At Indy Auto Man, Indianapolis, you will find an assortment of the most popular electric cars from different brands, with the prevailing diversity of Tesla models.
Electric vehicles are a relatively new solution in the automotive industry, but their popularity is growing every year. There are already quite successful electric models on the used car market. Our experts collected for you the review of the most popular electric vehicles.
The first cart with electric motors and batteries on board was able to cover a distance of 100 meters back in 1841. And real electric cars appeared on roads only at the end of the 19th century. Then they were ahead of gasoline and steam competitors in all respects: speed, acceleration dynamics, carrying capacity, and power reserve. The downside was only the complicated process of charging the batteries.
Until the invention of the rectifier, it was necessary to connect an AC motor and a DC generator. The mechanism wasted a lot of energy and often broke down. Meanwhile, gasoline cars became more perfect – the disadvantages of electric vehicles made the world forget about them till the 1960s and 70s.
At the end of the 20th century, fuel costs increased sharply. Large cities experienced high emission level problems. Electric cars were produced again in small series and remained a curiosity.
In the 1990s, the United States launched the first large batches of electric vehicles for lease or rent. Elon Musk and his company Tesla Motors demonstrated the advantages of electric cars. Its Roadster sports car approached its petrol rivals in performance and range.
In the 2010s, many automotive companies began producing electric cars: Nissan, Toyota, Mitsubishi, Volkswagen, Jaguar, and others. Thanks to mass production, the price of electric vehicles has decreased by 1.5–2 times. Environmentally friendly transport became available for the majority of consumers.
Besides the obvious advantages, such as safety for the environment, low noise level, and safety, electric cars have several distinctive features that differ them from other vehicles.
Electric motors produce peak torque from zero rpm (the number of turns in a minute). After pressing the accelerator pedal, all the newton meters declared by the manufacturer begin to work almost instantly with no delays or failures. That is why modern cars like Tesla have such stellar acceleration figures.
That is why electric engines are aggregated with single-speed gearboxes; they do not need many speeds. This lowers the weight of transmissions and the car as a whole; gives it more reliability, saving from failures and time losses during intensive acceleration.
Since the wheels can crank the engine and use its inertia as resistance when the car is coasting, the movement forwards allows you to temporarily turn the engine into a generator. It will charge the batteries with energy and at the same time slow the car, instead of wasting precious energy heating of the brakes, thereby reducing the load on the brake system. This principle of slowing down means less load on the brakes and less wear, which implies the possibility of reducing the diameter of the brake discs and the size of the calipers. Powerful brakes on such cars are not needed.
Batteries can be placed anywhere in the car. Usually, they are placed on the floor, thereby shifting the center of gravity down. But in fact, the batteries can be distributed throughout the car in various places, from the hood to the trunk, adjusting the weight distribution even better to maximize internal volume and minimize the effect of the heavy battery, resulting in better handling.
The mileage of electric vehicles is limited. Without recharging, they can travel an average of 250 miles, depending on the model. This must be taken into account when planning trips.
Depending on the battery volume and the charging point type, it can take up from 30 minutes to a half-day for a full charge. Most electric vehicles come with a level 1 charging cable that can be plugged into a regular electrical outlet.To save time charging electric vehicles and prolong battery life, many drivers install so-called Level 2 chargers that cost around $2,000. According to JD Power, it will take less than eight hours to charge your car with such a device.
Given that electric vehicles are generally more expensive than gasoline-powered cars, and electricity has its costs, is it cheaper to switch to this type of fuel? The short answer is yes. But it also depends on the model you’re buying and your driving habits.
The average price of an electric vehicle (EV) is about $10,000 higher than the industry average, including gasoline and hybrid cars. In terms of price, an electric car is equivalent to a base-class luxury one.
The price gap between electric cars and gasoline cars may narrow in the next decade. This will depend on further improvements in battery technology, which could result in lower manufacturing costs.
In the meantime, customers can offset part of the premiums paid through tax credits. The federal government is offering a $2,500-$7,500 non-refundable tax credit for newly purchased electric vehicles manufactured after 2010.
However, the credit only covers the first 200,000 cars sold by the manufacturer. General Motors and Tesla have already surpassed this number, so you won’t get credit for EVs from these manufacturers. Check the list of electric vehicles that are still eligible for the federal tax credit here.
Some states offer their rebate or tax credit. The Plug In America EV advocacy group created an interactive map to show incentives for electric vehicles in each state. In Indiana, for example, you may expect some discounts from insurance companies.
Electric cars tend to have cheaper maintenance costs.
A Consumer Reports study found that electric vehicle owners spend 60% less on fuel compared to cars with internal combustion engines.
And because electric vehicles have no oil or spark plugs to replace, they often have lower maintenance costs. According to the report by the We Predict analytics firm, after 36 months on the road, maintenance costs for electric vehicles and light trucks are 31% lower compared to similar gasoline vehicles.
The choice of an electric car depends on your budget and needs:
Take one of these cars for a test drive at Indy Auto Man, Indianapolis, and to feel its potential at your fingertips.
Schedule your test drive right now!